Understanding the Role of a Neurodevelopmental Pediatrician

A neurodevelopmental pediatrician is a medical specialist who focuses on identifying and managing developmental, behavioral, and neurologic issues in children. These highly-trained doctors are experts in various conditions affecting the developing brain, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), learning disabilities, intellectual disability, and more.

Dr. Noel Mensah-BonsuDr. Noel Mensah-Bonsu describes her role this way:
“Every child is complex and amazing. The role of Neurodevelopmental and Developmental-Behavioral Pediatricians is to evaluate the whole child and uncover their strengths and weaknesses. Sometimes, this comes with a diagnosis or a word that describes strengths and weaknesses; other times, it does not. We are passionate about helping parents understand and advocate for their children. Our evaluations may result in a variety of recommendations, including medical, parenting, educational, and/or therapeutic aids to enhance a child’s relationships, health, and developmental progress. Parenting a child with differences is challenging, and it is always an honor to partner with parents on this journey.” Read more about Dr. Noel’s amazing journey – MD in an RV here!

What Do They Diagnose?

Neurodevelopmental pediatricians are trained to diagnose many conditions that affect a child’s cognition, motor skills, speech, and social-emotional development. These conditions often include but are not limited to:

– Autism Spectrum Disorders


– Learning Disabilities

– Cerebral Palsy

– Language and Speech Disorders

– Behavioral Disorders

– Epilepsy and other seizure disorders

 How Are They Different from a Regular Pediatrician?

While general pediatricians are essential for overall child health, vaccinations, and dealing with common illnesses, they may not have the specialized training to diagnose or manage developmental or neurological issues comprehensively. To specialize in this complex area, a neurodevelopmental pediatrician undergoes additional training, often including a fellowship in developmental-behavioral pediatrics or pediatric neurology. They can perform detailed evaluations, including standardized tests and comprehensive medical histories, to provide an accurate diagnosis and management plan.

Where Would a Parent Find One?

Finding a neurodevelopmental pediatrician often begins with a referral from your regular pediatrician. Specialty clinics, university hospitals, and children’s hospitals are common settings where these specialists work. Organizations like the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also offer resources to find qualified professionals in this area.

Why is a Diagnosis Important?

An accurate diagnosis from a neurodevelopmental pediatrician can be life-changing. It offers a roadmap for intervention, treatment, and educational planning tailored specifically for your child. Early diagnosis often means earlier intervention, which can significantly improve outcomes. Their specialized expertise ensures that the child’s developmental challenges are understood in the context of their overall health and well-being, providing a holistic approach to treatment.

In conclusion, neurodevelopmental pediatricians play a crucial role in identifying and treating developmental and neurological issues in children, offering specialized care beyond general pediatrician’s scope. Their expertise provides invaluable insights into your child’s developmental needs, setting the stage for effective treatment and long-term success.



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